Written for corporate real estate managers, this is a comprehensive practical guide to the selection, management, and disposal of corporate real estate properties in both the home and foreign countries. The author focuses on the management of the real assets of U.S.-based multinationals, although the discussion can be applied to multinational company management of worldwide real estate regardless of headquarters country. Among the key topics addressed are the ways in which a corporate real estate department can be most effectively organized, the need for computerization in the management of diverse properties in a variety of locations, leasing property, tax management, risk analysis and management, and real estate performance measurement. Throughout, the author includes details of the actual experiences of leading U.S. multinationals to illustrate the unique problems associated with various national and local real estate markets around the globe. Hines begins by offering some suggestions for corporate policy formulation aimed at guiding decisionmaking in the acquisition, development, and divestiture of property related to company operations. She addresses the lease-or-buy decision, demonstrating that the decision depends on the nature of the corporate real assets, the need for security, and the availability of funds. A separate chapter addresses the widely varying leasing conditions and terms that are encountered around the world. Since income, value-added, sales, withholding, and ad valorem property taxes affect country and site selections as well as company profitability, Hines provides an in-depth treatment of tax management from the perspective of the corporate real estate decisionmaker. Global real estate risk management also receives extended coverage. The final chapter shows how to measure real estate performance and demonstrates that global real estate holdings can and should be viewed as global portfolios with overall returns and risks--rather than as individual buildings with individual profit-and-loss profiles.
The purpose of this book is to present the principles of alternative investments in management. The individual chapters provide a detailed analysis of various classes of alternative investments on the financial market. Despite many different definitions of alternative investments, it can be assumed that a classical approach to alternative investments includes hedge funds, fund of funds (FOF), managed accounts, structured products and private equity/venture capital. Alternative investment in keeping with this broad definition is the subject of consideration here. The theoretical part of each chapter is meant to collect, systematize and deepen readers' understanding of a given investment category, while the practical part of each focuses on an analysis of the current state of development of alternative investments on the global market and outlines the prospects of future market development. This book will be a valuable tool for scholars, practitioners and policy-makers alike.
The aim of this book, first published in 1971, is to give the student of monetary economics a clear understanding of the theoretical potentialities of monetary policy as well as the practical limitations that prevent these potentialities from being realised. This volume discusses the central bank's operations in both long- and short-term financial markets, the effects of foreign inflows and outflows of funds, the implications of government budgetary policy, and the repercussions of the activity of non-bank financial institutions. Monetary Management should be of interest to students of finance and to all those concerned by controversies about the operation of monetary policy.
This book records the first success stories of a new form of financial intermediation, the hometown investment fund, that has become a national strategy in Japan, partly to meet the need to finance small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) after the devastating earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. The hometown investment fund has three main advantages. First, it contributes to financial market stability by lowering information asymmetry. Individual households and firms have direct access to information about the borrowing firms, mainly SMEs, that they lend to. Second, it is a stable source of risk capital. The fund is project driven. Firms and households decide to invest by getting to know the borrowers and their projects. In this way the fund distributes risk but not so that it renders risk intractable, which was the problem with the "originate and distribute" model. Third, it contributes to economic recovery by connecting firms and households with SMEs that are worthy of their support. It also creates employment opportunities, at the SMEs as well as for the pool of retirees from financial institutions who can help assess the projects. Introduction of the hometown investment fund has huge global implications. The world is seeking a method of financial intermediation that minimizes information asymmetry, distributes risk without making it opaque, and contributes to economic recovery. Funds similar to Japan's hometown investment fund can succeed in all three ways. After all, the majority of the world's businesses are SMEs. The first chapter explains the theory behind this method, and the following chapters relate success stories from Japan and other parts of Asia. This book should encourage policymakers, economists, lenders, and borrowers, especially in developing countries, to adopt this new form of financial intermediation, thus contributing to global economic stability.
This handbook contains chapters covering a broad range of supply chain management issues written by leading experts in the field. It is aimed at researchers, students, engineers, economists and managers involved in supply chain management.
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